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Policy Formulation: Development of Legislation Essay
Policy Formulation: Development of Legislation Assignment
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was the second such act targeted at resolving America's long-standing health financing issue. Health financing has been a significant problem for the United States, and both of these bills sought to address this problem. Before the ACA, Bill Clinton had sought to implement sweeping changes through what came to be termed as 'Hillarycare'. While this bill failed to pass through Congress, its failure ultimately paved the way for the eventual success of the ACA. This is according to Pollack (2012), who indicates that Democrats learned from the failures of Hillarycare, and thus readjusted their strategy accordingly. Another important factor why the ACA succeeded was because of its timing. Hillarycare came at a time when America was more financially stable, and thus Americans were not so worried about financing healthcare (Amadeo, 2018). In contrast, the ACA came during the global economic recession. As such, a plan such as the ACA was highly desirable at this time. Pollack (2012) clarifies that the orientation of the Democratic Party also played an important role, whereby in 2009, Democrats were united, unlike in 1993 when they were divided.
Life Cycle of a Bill
Bills go through a series of steps before they eventually become law. These steps can be classified into four main categories. The first step is introduction, where a member introduces a bill before the house. Next, the bill proceeds to committee stage, where the relevant committee evaluates the bill and provides recommendations. The bill is then submitted to both houses of Congress for debate and approval. Bills that pass this stage are then forwarded to the president for approval. This sequence is beneficial since it is the most logical sequence. .............GET AN AFFORDABLE PLAGIARISM FREE COPY