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Basic Hindu Concepts Assignment
Basic Hindu Concepts Paper
Hinduism is bound by a hierarchical structure known as the caste system, which categorizes people based on social classes. The position of a person in the caste system is the reflection of their accumulated merit from their past lives known as karma. Karma follows the law of cause and effect from which a person sows what they reap (Marsico, 2017). Consequentially, one’s outcomes in life are a product of their previous decisions and actions. Hinduism also acknowledges a rebirth model that turns endlessly until moksha is attained. The wheel of rebirth is termed as Samsara, and it allows souls to be reborn until they reach enlightenment or perfection (moksha).
Hindus are expected to observe dharma or exercise behaviors that are consistent with their status and caste. Dharma maintains a social and cosmic order based on different rules, such as veda (ensuring constant well-being and fertility of the world to nourish the gods), law books, and Gita (everyone is responsible for their social function and duty to uphold welfare and order in society) (Saraswathi, 2017). Dharma also maintains the caste system to preserve social and cosmic stability. The caste categorizes people based on impurity and purity and occupation and hierarchy. For instance, the Dalits are viewed as untouchables and impure; hence, they are placed as the lowest class in the caste system and given unwanted jobs.
The goal of the caste system, dharma, samsara, and karma is to reach the spiritual point or goal in Hinduism (moksha) in which an individual can detach themselves from the perceptions and feelings that tie them to the world, resulting in the realization of ultimate unity of things, that is, connecting the soul (atman) with the universal (Brahman). To get to moksha, one must overcome maya, the delusion of the cosmos or false self (Marsico, 2017). Maya is mainly overcome with the help of yoga by expanding personal consciousness through psycho-physical exercises, self-denying, and meditation................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY