Shift in Western Civilization Assignment

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24-7-custom-writing-serviceShift in Western Civilization Paper

Shift in Western Civilization Essay

 

Shift in Western Civilization: Luther, Columbus, Gutenberg, and Copernicus

The four men, Luther, Columbus, Gutenberg, and Copernicus were instrumental to the knowledge and paradigm shift within the western culture. Copernicus was an astronomer who disapproved the old books of astronomy and proved that the sun rather than the earth is at the center of the universe. Columbus discovered the new world, back then the Europeans thought they knew the end of the world but Columbus’ inquisitive nature made people discover new lands such as North America, South America and Australia. Gutenberg is credited for the rise of literacy by inventing printing which enabled the masses to access as much knowledge as the clergy, monks, and priests (Knapp, 2015). Finally, Luther, who created the most Paradigm shift in Western Civilization opposed corruption in the Catholic Church, influenced the faith of Christians and differentiated the laws of religion from those of the state.

Luther led a revolt against the Catholic Church that led to religious freedom. He was dissatisfied with the corrupt nature of the Popes (Klingerman, 2017). The Popes favored the rich, and had illegitimate children. He led a revolt against the Catholic Church and got followers such as John Calvin who became the leader of the Protestants. The revolt resulted to war that lasted for 130 years across Europe (Knapp, 2015). When the war ended, a new authority structure was created, the state took over the political powers of the Catholic Church. The breakaway of political powers from the church opened many opportunities such as democracy and freedom that we enjoy today. Luther also changed the perspective of the faith of many Christians. He disagreed that a priest was necessary in order to communicate with Christ and thus helped create a new relationship with God (Wandel, 2011).  {297 words}.............GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY