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South Africa’s Political History Paper
South Africa’s Political History Essay
South Africa is one of the most developed nations in the African continent and among the developing countries in the globe. It is part of the BRICS organization, which consists of developing regions, such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China. The BRICS is set to provide intense competition to the G8 nations, the most developed countries in the entire world. South Africa has had a complex political history characterized by colonialism, apartheid, poor governance, national heroes, and so on. The political history of South Africa has largely influenced the perception, practice, and barriers to democracy in the nation.
Before British colonization, South Africa was home to the San and Khoekhoen, Bantu-speaking communities that were hunters and gathers and pastoralists respectively. The political structure, at the time, mainly comprised of villages led by elders and chiefs and the communal sharing of resources. The British rule was dictatorial to allow them to have more control over the Africans and their property, as well as to influence them to follow the White man’s ways. The British also formulated segregation policies that were largely seen as the cause of apartheid in the country. Many African activists and leaders began to emerge in the 20th century to fight the discriminative practices and laws of the colonists (Clark & Worger, 2016). Ultimately, South Africa gained independence in 1994 through democratic elections and Nelson Mandela became the first president of the country.
South Africa can be characterized as a parliamentary representative democratic state. The President performs two roles: The head of the government and the head of state (Magstadt, 2016). The leader is appointed by the South African National Assembly and must uphold the trust of the parliament to preserve his/her position. The South African citizens elect the provincial legislatures in the nine provinces in the country. The most popular party in the country is the African National Congress (ANC) (Clark & Worger, 2016). The main opponent of ANC’s leadership is the Democratic Alliance. Other parties in the nation include the Inkatha Freedom Party and the Economic Freedom Fighters.....................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY