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The World in 1492 Assignment
The World in 1492 Essay
China was the most powerful nation in the globe in the 15th century. Consequentially, a person living in 1492 would have assumed that the country would end up being the most successful and dominant region in the next 500 years. China had great empires and civilizations, such as the Mongol and Ming Empires and Confucianism respectively. The country had also started amazing voyages before the Europeans and Asians did with the perfect example of the Chinese admiral Zeng He, from 1405 to 1433. He directed fleets of Chinese boats across various oceans to trade with societies and empires in East Africa, India, South Asia, and Arabia (Schofield, 1992). The fleets were the largest in the world since none of the other countries could surpass their number and size.
Aside from building large boats and going for voyages, the Chinese appeared poised to control the treasure and trade of the international scene. They controlled the European trade through the Silk Road, which is included in Marco Polo’s accounts of the Mongol Empire. They also controlled the trade that occurred in the entire Indian Ocean due to Zeng He’s voyages. Asia was viewed as the center for global commerce in the 15th century, prompting European nations to dedicate a lot of effort and time to develop a route to Asia. They wanted to purchase the Chinese porcelain and silk, the spices from Southeast Asian islands, and indigo and cotton textiles from India (Schofield, 1992). All these commodities had to travel to Europe through the Silk Road, which connected China to Europe, and they were extremely expensive for the Europeans.
China was also powerful because it maintained a united front. The region had one large empire and government that did not feel the immediate pressure to exert its influence on others, fight, or advance its military technology. The social and political order in China reached its peak in the late imperial era of the last two kingdoms: The Tang and Ming dynasties. The order came about as a result of the Chinese thinker Confucius, who introduced the ideology of “Harmony but not Uniformity.” Hence, instead of being aggressive and bureaucratic, travelers like Zeng He and Chinese leaders maintained mutual respect for territorial sovereignty and integrity, non-aggression, non-interference in international affairs, mutual benefit, and peaceful co-existence (Wade & Sun, 2010). Their varying points of view from the Europeans, who were molded to believe that violence was the answer, could explain why the Chinese did not end up controlling the world 500 years later.....................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY