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Theories of Crime Essay
Theories of Crime Paper
List and describe the main theories in each of the following:
The physiological theories of crime are those that focus on an individual’s form as a marker of criminality. They look at human conditions, circumstances, and traits derived from their physiological makeups and their environment that trigger criminal behavior.
- Rational Choice Theory
Gary Becker was the first proponent of this theory.
Individuals have preferences and make choices based on them
Human beings are rational creatures with the ability to reason and make informed decisions
People often weigh out the options of a criminal behavior vis-à-vis the possible losses, risks, or benefits.
- Trait Theory
The theory places emphasis on the personality differences between individuals which explain the differences in disposition or propensities to commit crimes.
Focus on measuring individual traits or the habitual patterns of emotion, thought, and behavior
There are particular personality traits that can dispose of an individual to criminal behavior.
Specific psychological or biological characteristics in people can lead them into criminal behavior.
Economic stress can cause criminal behavior due to the disorder that stems from the unavailability and struggle for inadequate resources. This is evident in the social disorganization theory, which identifies economic deprivation as a compelling factor for people attempting to look for ways to survive amidst the barriers of class mobility....................GET A PLAGIARISM FREE COPY